In Vitro Fertilization IVF

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     It is hard to establish the legal status and rights of the pre-embryo; if someone would try to suggest that the pre-embryo is a person or just a potential person, his legal status doesn’t exist in many countries.
     The presumption that the pre-embryo is a property and should be treated consequently offends many people and religious beliefs and is generally dismissed as unethical. But, no matter if we consider the pre-embryo a person or a property, there shall always remain the question: “is it morally correct to use, throw away, sell or buy a human embryo?”
     From the legal point of view the pre-embryo and the embryo are not human beings, thus their deliberate destruction is not a crime and shall not be punished by law.
     The modern assisted reproductive techniques and the scientific research which requires the study of human embryos both function according to a strict set of rules: first of them being the legislative rules which limit the freedom of the scientist, the professional set of rules, the local rules of the hospital and doctor’s inner set of ethical rules.
     Following the legislative climate there are only 13 countries that allow the scientific experiments on pre-embryos. In Germany, Israel, Ireland, Norway, and Switzerland the government strictly forbids the scientific experiments on human pre-embryos and embryos.
     The most important scientific reports come from Walter Committee in Australia, European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology – ESHRE, Society for Reproductive Medicine and European Parliament.
     The scientific research on human pre-embryos has large benefits in four medical areas: infertility research and alternative treatment, the diagnosis of genetic abnormalities and stem cells therapy and the possibility to cure life-threatening incurable maladies.
     The potential source of human embryos destined for scientific research comes from IVF surplus embryos, flowed embryos, aborted embryos, embryos which result after a spontaneous abortion and embryos created especially for research.
     Judaic laws forbid the scientific use or destruction of a live embryo as long as it still has a potential of becoming a human being, an in-vitro blastocyst which has left the zona pellucida and lost its implantation potential can be used in research.
     Using the modern technology IVF, can offer more than the treatment of infertility, it can study the genetic abnormalities related to the sex chromosomes and moreover it can guarantee that the fetus won’t suffer from genetically transmitted diseases and it can provide a sex-option for the parents.
     The state of Israel allows genetic-diseases screening but forbids abortion if the fetus is diagnosed with an imperfection; religion in this case is very strict and allows abortion only when mother’s life is threatened.

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