Studies show that 6.1 million people in the United States are affected by infertility. This means that over 10% of the reproductive age population aren’t able to conceive. One of the solutions for the infertility problem is in vitro fertilization.In vitro fertilization is a procedure used when there is a very small probability of a sperm fertilizing an egg or when the woman’s oviducts are blocked. Here it is how the procedure works:
At the beginning the patient receives a treatment based on hormones for a period of 10 days in order to determine the woman’s ovaries to release more than one egg during the ovulation period. It is expected that the ovaries can produce about 20 eggs as a result of hormone administration. There are two possible ways of collecting the eggs: one of them is by inserting a needle in the vagina and the other one is by making a slight incision in the abdomen. Afterwards the eggs are put into a recipient where they are combined with a specific number of sperm.
If the eggs can’t be fertilized because the sperm aren’t able to reach to them, then each egg is injected with a sperm using the microscope. Once the fertilization takes place after a couple of days the fertilized eggs can be implanted into the uterus. The number of implanted eggs is decided taking in consideration a series of factors. From now on the woman’s body is adjusting and takes care of the embryos.
Here are some useful informations about IVF procedure, answers at the most frequent questions.
The entire procedure of in vitro fertilization< lasts 4-6 weeks. Both partners should be available and ready to spend approximately 12 hours at the IVF clinic for the egg retrieval and fertilization. After a couple of days the women returns at the clinic for the transfer of the embryos to the uterus. The egg retrieval is done under anaesthesis,the process takes 20-30 minutes and the pain afterwards is almost inexistent. The eggs are retrieved with a needle with the help of ultrasound. Even though there’s no age limit,the women over 45 years have a diminish chance of successful pregnancy. After the embryos transfer to the uterus within 2 weeks a pregnancy test is performed and if it’s positive then the procedure was successful.
For ensuring a succsseful pregnancy more than one embryos are implanted into the uterus,but this can lead to multiple births thet can affect the helth of the babies already conceived. Studies show that 10-25% of women who undergo in vitro fertilization procedure have twins. The chances of success with the IVF procedure can’t be predicted because a large number of factors are involved. What is sure is that the success rate is bigger if the female is younger.
Women with blocked,damaged or absent fallopian tubes can appeal to the IVF treatment. The side effects of this treatment are:risk of ectopic pregnancy (the embryo implants in the fallopian tubes not in the uterus).
Studies showed that in vitro fertilization procedure is safe and doesn’t cause birth defects. Unfortunately in vitro fertilization is an expensive treatment and the majority policies don’t cover it.