Amenorrhea is not a permanent problem, if we speak about primary amenorrhea, being usually caused by late puberty it goes away on its own although, primary amenorrhea can also be caused by disorders of the anatomy of the reproductive tract which cannot be prevented and must receive special attention.
When we speak about secondary amenorrhea its duration is depends of the triggering cause whether this is pregnancy, which stops a woman’s menstrual cycle until the actual birth and continue during the lactation period, while if the condition is caused by the interruption of the birth control pills treatment or the irregular use of a certain type of contraceptive the problem may persist from three months up to an year.
Physical or emotional stress can be responsible for this condition, as it blocks the luteinizing hormone’s release, and thus amenorrhea will persist as long as the cause of the stress persists.
Rapid changes in the woman’s weight, whether it’s a big weight loss or a big weight gain can also determine missed periods as well as chronic illnesses.
When the woman reaches menopause or suffers an operation which removes partially or completely her uterus and ovaries (hysterectomy) amenorrhea becomes a permanent condition.
Most times amenorrhea is not in itself a life threatening condition and it is usually caused by other reversible health problems, and it can be treated.
A woman should contact her current physician about this condition if she has reached her 14th birthday and the physiological changes associated with puberty haven’t started, she hasn’t developed breasts or pubic hair and moreover if she hasn’t had her first period (menarche) until the age of 16.
In the case of women of childbearing-age who have had their menarche and also have an active sexual life, pregnancy is the most common cause of amenorrhea thus they should call their doctor after the first missed period and also take a pregnancy test.
In the case of sexually inactive women, they should consult the doctor if they missed three consecutive periods or they have irregular periods.
The medical examination and guidance is very important for a woman, as amenorrhea can be the symptom of yet more serious problems which can lead to infertility, osteoporosis or other life-threatening conditions.